Rhodes is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of both land area and
population, with a population of 117,007 of which 53,709 resided in the homonymous
capital city of the island.
Historically, Rhodes was famous worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The medieval Old Town of the City of Rhodes has
been declared a World Heritage Site.
The island of Rhodes is shaped like a spearhead, 79.7 km (49.5 mi) long and 38 km
(24 mi) wide, with a total area of approximately 1,400 square kilometers (541 sq. mi)
and a coastline of approximately 220 km (137 mi). The city of Rhodes is located at
the northern tip of the island, as well as the site of the ancient and modern
commercial harbors. The main air gateway (Diagoras International Airport,
IATA code: RHO) is located 14 km (9 mi) to the southwest of the city in Paradissi.
The road network radiates from the city along the east and west coasts.
Information about Rhodes Town from